You can use the Update Management solution in Azure Automation to manage operating system updates for your Windows and Linux computers that трахуюуца deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers.
You can quickly assess the status of available updates on all трахуюуца computers and manage the process of installing required updates for servers.
You can enable Update Management for virtual machines directly from your Azure Automation account. Трахуюуца learn how to enable Update Management for virtual machines трахуюуца your Automation account, see Manage updates for multiple virtual machines. You can also enable Update Management трахуюуца a single virtual machine from the virtual machine pane in трахуюуца Azure portal.
This scenario is available трахуюуца Linux and Windows virtual machines. Computers that трахуюуца managed by Update Management use the following configurations to perform assessment and update deployments:. The following трахуюуца shows a conceptual view of the behavior and data flow with how the solution assesses and applies security updates to all connected Windows Трахуюуца and Linux computers in a workspace:.
After a computer performs a scan for update compliance, the agent forwards the information in трахуюуца to Azure Log Analytics. On a Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours by default. In addition to the scan schedule, the scan for update compliance is initiated within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, before update installation, and трахуюуца update installation.
For a Linux computer, the compliance scan is performed every 3 hours by default. If the MMA agent is restarted, трахуюуца compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes. This is the same for Linux computers that are configured to report to a local repo instead of to a public repo.
To learn more about these requirements, see Network planning for Hybrid Workers. You can deploy and install software updates on computers that require the updates by creating a scheduled deployment.
Only required updates are included in the deployment scope. You also specify a schedule to approve and designate a period of time during which updates can be installed. Updates are installed трахуюуца runbooks in Azure Automation. When an трахуюуца deployment is created, the update deployment creates a schedule that starts a master update runbook at the specified time for the included computers.
Трахуюуца master трахуюуца starts a child трахуюуца on each трахуюуца to perform installation of required updates. At the date and time specified трахуюуца the update deployment, the target computers execute the deployment in parallel.
Before installation, a scan is performed to трахуюуца that the updates are still required. The Windows agent is трахуюуца. For Linux, the machine must have access to an update repository. The update repository can be private or public. To create and manage update deployments, you need specific permissions. трахуюуца
To learn трахуюуца these permissions, see Role-based access - Трахуюуца Management. The solution consists of the following resources. The resources are added to your Automation account.
They fail if you try. These groups are intended to support only the management solution. You can add the Windows computers to a Hybrid Runbook Worker group in трахуюуца Automation трахуюуца to support Automation runbooks if трахуюуца use трахуюуца same account for both the solution and the Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership.
This functionality was added in version 7. If your System Center Operations Manager management group is connected to a Log Analytics workspace, the following трахуюуца packs are installed in Operations Manager.
трахуюуца These management packs are also installed on directly connected Windows computers after you add the solution. For more information about how solution management packs are updated, see Connect Operations Трахуюуца to Log Analytics. For трахуюуца with the Operations Manger Agent, трахуюуца be able to be fully трахуюуца by Update Management, the agent needs to трахуюуца updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Agent.
To learn how to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Manager agent. To confirm that directly трахуюуца machines are communicating трахуюуца Log Analytics, after a few minutes, you can run one the following log searches.
On a Windows computer, you трахуюуца review the following information to verify agent connectivity with Log Analytics:. To learn how to verify that the firewall or proxy server is трахуюуца configured, see Network configuration for Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux agent. Newly added Linux agents show a status of Updated after an assessment has been performed.
This process can take up to 6 hours. A scan is performed twice per day for each managed Трахуюуца computer. Every 15 minutes, the Windows API is called to query for the last update трахуюуца to determine whether the status has changed. If the status has changed, трахуюуца compliance scan is initiated. It can take between 30 minutes and 6 трахуюуца for the dashboard to display updated data from managed трахуюуца. In your Automation account, select Update Management to view the status of your machines.
This view provides information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments.
To run a log search that returns information about the machine, update, трахуюуца deployment, select трахуюуца item in the list. The Log Search pane opens with трахуюуца query for the item selected:.
After updates are assessed for all the Linux and Трахуюуца computers in your workspace, you can install required updates by creating an update deployment.
An update deployment is a scheduled installation of required updates for one or more computers. You specify the date and time for the deployment and a computer or group of computers to трахуюуца in the scope of a deployment. To learn more трахуюуца computer groups, see Computer трахуюуца in Log Analytics.
When you include computer groups in your update deployment, group membership is трахуюуца only once, at the time of schedule creation. To work around this, delete the scheduled update deployment and трахуюуца it.
Windows virtual machines that are deployed from the Azure Marketplace by default are set to receive automatic updates from Windows Update Service. To трахуюуца updates being applied outside of a maintenance трахуюуца on Ubuntu, reconfigure the Unattended-Upgrade package to disable automatic updates.
Трахуюуца information about how to configure the package, see Automatic Updates трахуюуца in the Ubuntu Server Guide. Select Missing updates to view the трахуюуца of updates that are missing from your machines.
Трахуюуца update трахуюуца listed and can be selected. Information трахуюуца the number of machines that require the update, трахуюуца operating system, and a link for more information is shown. The Log search pane shows more details about the updates. Select the Update Deployments tab to view the list трахуюуца existing update deployments. Select any of the update deployments in the table to open the Update Deployment Run pane for that update deployment.
Трахуюуца create a new update deployment, select Schedule update deployment. The New Update Deployment pane opens. Enter values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:. The following трахуюуца list the update classifications in Update Management, with a definition for each classification.
For Linux, Update Management трахуюуца distinguish between трахуюуца and security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data due to data enrichment in the cloud.
For patching, Update Management relies on classification data available on the machine. Unlike other distributions, CentOS does not have this information available out of the box. If трахуюуца have CentOS machines configured in a way to return security data for the following трахуюуца, Update Management will be able to patch based on трахуюуца.
There трахуюуца currently no method supported method to трахуюуца native classification-data availability on CentOS. At this time, only best-effort трахуюуца is provided трахуюуца customers who may have enabled this on their own.
The following addresses are трахуюуца specifically трахуюуца Update Management. Communication to these addresses occurs over port For more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role ports. It is recommended to use the addresses listed when defining exceptions. This file is updated weekly, and reflects the currently deployed ranges and трахуюуца upcoming changes to the IP ranges.
In addition to the details that are provided in the Трахуюуца portal, you can do searches against the logs. On the solution pages, select Log Analytics. Трахуюуца Log Search pane opens. You can also learn how to customize the queries or use them from different clients and more by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation. The following sections provide sample log queries for update records трахуюуца are collected by this solution:.
The following query checks for a match on either endianness. Customers who have invested in Трахуюуца Center Configuration Manager for managing PCs, трахуюуца, and mobile devices also rely on трахуюуца strength and maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates.
Configuration Manager is part of трахуюуца software update management Трахуюуца cycle. This might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes. Because Update Management uses the same methods to update packages that an administrator трахуюуца use locally on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional.
When you deploy updates to a Linux machine, you can select update classifications. This filters the updates that are трахуюуца to those that meet the specified criteria. This filter is applied locally on the machine when the update is deployed. However, Update Management might still report that machine as being non-compliant because it has additional information about the relevant update.
Deploying updates by update classification does not work on CentOS трахуюуца of the box. This is трахуюуца limitation of zypper.
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